When employers ask for references, they are asking for names and contact information of people they can connect with who can confirm employment and, more importantly, answer a variety of questions regarding who you are and what you are like to work with. Ideally, your references will be people who have worked closely with you, either as colleagues, subordinates, or supervisors. References may also be personal, such as teachers, coaches, or mentors. Family and friends are not appropriate references.
Some employers refuse to provide references beyond confirming employment. In these instances, it can be important to identify a few close colleagues who are willing to act as a reference, or to identify personal references.
You should provide at least 3 references, and it is okay if they are from another country though, in this instance, an email address is ideal. For each reference, provide their full name, current email address and phone number, and specify their relationship to you.